The Torah is the first part of the Jewish bible. It is the central and most important document of Judaism and has been used by Jews through the ages.
Torah refers to the five books of Moses. These are: Bresheit (Genesis), Shemot (Exodus), Vayicra (Leviticus), Bamidbar (Numbers), and Devarim (Deuteronomy).
Jews believe that God dictated the Torah to Moses on Mount Sinai 50 days after their exodus from Egyptian slavery.
They believe that the Torah shows how God wants Jews to live. It contains 613 commandments and Jews refer to the ten best known of these as the ten 10 statements.
The word Torah has various meanings in English. These include: teaching, instruction and law. For Jews the Torah means all of these.
The Torah is written in Hebrew, the oldest of Jewish languages. It is also known as Torat Moshe, the Law of Moses. The Torah is the first section or first five books of the Jewish bible. However, Tanach is more commonly used to describe the whole of Jewish scriptures.
This is an acronym made up from the first letter of the words Torah, Nevi im (prophets), and Ketuvim (writings).
Similarly, the term Torah is sometimes used in a more general sense to incorporate Judaism’s written and oral law. This definition encompasses Jewish scripture in its entirety including all authoritative Jewish religious teachings throughout history.
Pesach – Passover:
The Father lights candles, pours wine and says blessings.
Lamb Bone = In memory of the slaves killing a lamb and sprinkling the blood on their doorposts.
Bitter Herbs = In memory of the years of bitter slavery.
Haroset = In memory of the mud used to make pharaoh buildings in Egypt.
Green Herbs = Reminder that it is a spring festival.
Egg = Symbolises new life and land.
Matzot (Unleavened bread) = A reminder of the hurry they were in.
Salt Water = Symbolises the tears shed by the slaves.
Wine = Symbolises the promise God made to Moses.